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Sugar beet

In 1747 Andreas Margrave published in the memoirs of the Berlin Academy of science my observations on the possibility to extract the sugar from the roots of zvekovici (beta alba) and even pointed the way to work, which essentially preserved until the present time. Honor device of the first plant for extracting sugar from zvekovici belongs to the student Margrave of the sugar beet, but the first experiments in the factory size were unsuccessful and beet sugar production was put on firm ground in 1806 by Napoleon (the distribution of land for cultivation of zvekovici, the institution under the factories schools, prizes), who saw in it a means to maintain the continental system and independence from English imports. The high price of colonial sugar cane (about 8 francs per kilogram) was doing the best local sugar production and introduced in France improvement of production (grater, hydraulic press, percolation through bone charcoal, heat, and condensation of vapor juice) led to a rapid development: in 1828 in France already worked 103 plant and produce up to 5 thousand tons of sugar.

Today the world's largest plant for processing sugar beet "
Соnnatrе" the capacity of 25 thousand tons of beet processing per day is in France. In Germany power plant "Рlating has been increased to 15 thousand tons of beet processing per day. In Thailand in 1992 commissioned a sugar factory with production capacity of 26 thousand tons of processing of raw cane sugar per day. The plant employs 12 thousand people in two shifts of 10 hours.